are protection rights that are able to protect technical inventions. An invention in legal view is a solution to a technical problem. Inventions can be products or processes. They are patentable if they are new, not evident to a person skilled in the art and can be commercially applied.


In the legal view a trademark is a protected characteristic, by means of which a company distiguishes its products or services from products and services of other companies.
There are word marks, figurative marks and combined marks.


A design comprises the outer appearance of something two-dimensional or three-dimensional.

A design can be protected if it is new and can be distiguished from existent designs. Further the form of a model must not only be determined by its function.